Pluralism Monism

scientificpluralismTzvetan Todorov  writes that the  most important democratic value is pluralism. Monistic societies and governments as are communism and national socialism are not democratic.  In education we should give pluralism an important place.

Maha Bali   begins her blogpost with the students need for different ways of teaching, for variety in structure of courses, and adapting to students preferences and needs.
But she the most valuable text of Maha is about cultural pluralism and respect. In Maha Bali’s blog about education she says:  But it’s in allowing the diverse voices within us to have a space (even if it’s an English-speaking space because it’s the only language we have in common) and voice, that alone helps to enrich the online space with the diversity that’s in it. Pluralism is a ways to foster learning and creativity and innovation.

Pluralism in education is a movement  that does not ask for teaching to the test and standard testing. It is about learning to live with differences in methods of teaching, about democracy and about pluralism as a key to research and learning.
Proposed Changes in Education (this is in a wiki about citizenship & diversity)

  • from formal to informal
  • from exclusive to inclusive
  • from restrictive to experiential
  • from instructionist to constructivist
  • promotion of knowledge building, lifelong learning
  • promotion of inter-generational knowledge exchange

I am not writing about religious pluralism. In the USA pluralism also is used to talk about racial matters. Both are important issues.

Yellow circles and art

yellow_cirkel

33. A thing contains infinitely more information than its image.
yellow dot
Deze gele stip is aanduiding van een wandelroute in Denemarken.
Misschien noem je dit kunst?
Welke argumenten zou je aanvoeren om te onderbouwen dat je dit kunst noemt?

This yellow point is a mark for hiking in Danemark
Een gele stip is geen kunst? Of wel?
A yellow circle is not Art, or is it?

http://www.wikiart.org/en/laszlo-moholy-nagy/yellow-circle

laszlo-moholy-nagy, yellow circle

http://diditt.deviantart.com/art/Yellow-Circle-210652394

These blogposts are about art. Alan Levine shouts “make art damnit” http://cogdogblog.com/2012/02/17/make-art-damnit/ but what does he want? I want to make art that is why I want to know what is art.

Deze blog posts gaan over kunst. Alan Levine blaft “make art damnit” Maar wat bedoelt hij daarmee? Ik wil kunst maken, daarom wil ik weten wat kunst is.

stoelenDeze foto heb ik gemaakt van een object in de beeldentuin van Kasteel Nijenhuis, Museum de Fundatie in Heino (Overijssel)
De beeldentuin is mooi aangelegd in verschillende tuin stijlen. Dit object staat in een formele strakke tuin.
(Johan van Velsen, 1949, Twee witte stoelen, metaal hout)

I took this picture in Museum de Fundatie in Heino (Overijssel). The sculpture garden has different garden styles. This object is in the part with a formal style in squares.
(Johan van Velsen, 1949, Two white chairs, metal wood)

Bij dit object dringt de vraag zich op wat de status is van het werk. Is het kunst?
Kennelijk maakt het verschil of de twee witte stoelen in een museumtuin staan (daar zijn ze kunst) of ergens op een dorpsterrasje (daar zouden ze meubel zijn).

Is this Art?
The place where the objects are viewed seems to make a difference. Here in the museum garden the object could be Art. And the object would just be furniture in the village sidewalk café


These blogposts are about art. Alan Levine shouts “make art damnit” http://cogdogblog.com/2012/02/17/make-art-damnit/ but what does he want? I want to make art that is why I want to know what is art.

Deze blog posts gaan over kunst. Alan Levine blaft “make art damnit” Maar wat bedoelt hij daarmee? Ik wil kunst maken, daarom wil ik weten wat kunst is.

Moet je weten wat kunst is om kunst te maken? In zekere zin moet je dat weten, maar de filosofie van de kunst zal je daarbij niet helpen.

Theory of art is not a guide to making art. But should one know what is art to make art? In some sense you want to know what Art is.

(Johan van Velsen is een pseudoniem / a pseudonym)

An apple of course. Welk verhaal begon er toch met een appel?

appel Once upon a time an apple got into a story. (Some say it was some fruit, we do not fight about that) This apple is in paintings and fresco’s and book illustration. Quit some apple that one.
But the apple in the picture is just an apple. Grown on a tree and fallen in the grass.
The picture could be art, but the apple is it art?
De appel is geen kunst, die is zo van de boom gevallen. (niet gemaakt door iemand, is dat een reden om iets “geen kunst” te noemen?)
De foto zou wel kunst kunnen zijn? Maar hier bedoel ik niet de foto maar de appel zelf.
Is een “origineel” geen kunst maar de afbeelding wel?

Some apples in art:

(Rotterdam, Kees Franse 1924-1982, Appels)

Apple @ Schiphol Airport

(Schiphol airport Amsterdam NL)

These blogposts are about art. Alan Levine shouts make art damnit” but what does he want? I want to make art that is why I want to know what is art.
Deze blog posts gaan over kunst. Alan Levine blaft “make art damnit” Maar wat bedoelt hij daarmee? Ik wil kunst maken, daarom wil ik weten wat kunst is.

Guerilla in #rhizo14

decoding

Rereading an old book of Umberto Eco I find an essay ‘Voor een semiotische guerrilla’ (To a semiotic guerrilla).
In this essay Umberto Eco writes about mass media and decoding.

Eco gives a short semiotic lecture about messages: The source of a message uses a code to assemble a message.
The message is transported via a channel. The reader uses code to translate, decode or read the message. (Some do not use the channel bur they use “medium”. I prefer channel)

Umberto Eco stresses the importance of decoding or reading the message with a code that is chosen by the reader. The reader should not uncritically use the code of the source.

The guerrilla is the struggle to make this critical decoding happen when someone is reading mass communication messages, newspaper or television.
In my opinion this ‘guerrilla’ should be used in education. An educational guerrilla to make the student-reader use his own codes to read mass media, books, blogs or whatever. This decoding by the student is linked to the student as producer.

Essay is in Dutch, translation in “de alledaagse onwerkelijkheid”, 1985, uitg. Bert Bakker, Amsterdam, no mention of title of source for translation. Essay was a contribution to the Congres ‘Vision ’67’ in New York oktober 1967, of Internat. Center for Communications. Art and Sciences.

Rogers independence

kabouterIn humanistiek education a student is the final judge of his own work en where the individual has to take the responsibility for deciding what criteria are important to him. (Janet Gale from a book Independent Learning in Higher Education (1984). ) via http://davecormier.com/edblog/2013/08/04/self-assessment-and-self-remediation/

The informal learner is the sole judge of his work, with some help of friends or others.

Rogers 1969: a blogpost on that http://principlesoflearning.wordpress.com/dissertation/chapter-3-literature-review-2/the-human-perspective/freedom-to-learn-rogers-1969/

In most countries government does want to introduce a national curriculum. And these governments do want students to be more innovative and creative. In communist countries central planning led to disaster, now central planning is the new educational hype in the western world.

And governments want to test and measure results of schools.  Innovative and creative teachers are leaving classrooms. Students are not encouraged to be their own judges and to assess their own work in a school with a national curriculum and testing.

Informal learning and rhizomatic learning?