Ockham en de ziel. Ockham and Mind #introphil

Entia non sunt praeter necessitatem multiplicanda: “Men moet de zijnden  niet zonder noodzaak verveelvoudigen”. (Willem van Ockham) De ziel, de geest is een overbodige hypothese. Je kunt alles van een mens verklaren zonder daar de geest of de ziel als vooronderstelling in te moeten voeren.  (Alleen godsdienst en religie maken gebruik van deze vooronderstelling als ze een voortbestaan van de menselijke ziel veronderstellen) 

Occam’s razor (also written as Ockham’s razor, Latin lex parsimoniae) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness used in logic and problem-solving. It states that among competing hypotheses, the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be selected. The hypothesis of mind, or soul is not necessary to explain human affairs. (Only religious people use the hypothesis of a  soul if they believe life after death)

VanessaVaile commented:  “…  just because a mind is different, has a different way of knowing (whatever that is) the world, does not mean …”  We do agree on different ways of knowing, but we ourselves are doing this knowing. The concept of a mind is not necessary to explain human knowledge. Mind is a kind of metaphor of our experience of self. And metaphors are confusing.

So what would be the difference in “I know this” and “My mind knows this” or “In my mind it is This” ?

Why did philosophers in early times not get rid of the concept of Mind? I have a feeling the the history of  religious and political suppression of enlightened philosophers (Johnathan Israel books on Enlightenment) is a  part of an explanation.

picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_of_Ockham.jpg


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