Epistemic Vices and stupidity


Carlo M. Cipolla  schreef over de vijf wetten van de domheid, stupidity.
These are Cipolla’s five fundamental laws of stupidity:

Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation.
The probability that a certain person (will) be stupid is independent of any other characteristic of that person.
A stupid person is a person who causes losses to another person or to a group of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses.
Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid individuals. In particular non-stupid people constantly forget that at all times and places and under any circumstances to deal and/or associate with stupid people always turns out to be a costly mistake.
A stupid person is the most dangerous type of person.

Ik veronderstel dat epistemic virtues zoals thoroughness, self-scrutiny, intellectual curiosity, intellectual creativity, open-mindedness, intellectual courage, and autonomy nodig zijn om stupidity tegen te gaan.
(zie For a Service Conception of Epistemic Authority: A Collective Approach, Michel Croce, University of Edinburgh)

Intellectual arrogance obstructs the gaining and sharing of knowledge.

afbeelding uit http://cantrip.org/stupidity.html, In dat artikel nog meer over zijn werk over stupidity.  De vraag is nog waar in het diagram Epistemic insouciance hoort te staan. Epistemic insouciance consists in a casual lack of concern about whether one’s beliefs have any basis in reality or are adequately supported by the best available evidence.

Vergissen is het zien van een deel van het zijn, en menen dat dat het hele zijn is, aldus Spinoza (Ernst Cassirer, das Erkenntnisproblem in der Philosophie und Wissenschaft de neueren Zeit). Het is een perspectivische fout.

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