#change11 Motivation and education and resistance to change, curiosity

The discussion in the comments of the last post on resistance and motivation:

I know very few people who like change to for the sake of change – most don’t want change in the areas where they need stability, but embrace it in areas where they need variety. The resistance isn’t just a preference – it’s internal to a person’s needs. (Comment on last blog by Lisa M. Lane)

Early experience, positive and negative, seems a likely factor. (Comment of  VanessaVaile)

I find people who dislike change to be less confident of themselves. (Scott’s comment)

Curiosity and motivation for learning and resistance to change seem to depend on a level of certainty, confidence, safety, trust.2)

Question: How about intrinsic motivation and resistance to learning  and resistance to change?

SDT [Self Dtermination Theory] suggests that humans are intrinsically motivated to approach activities that are interesting, optimally challenging, and spontaneously satisfying (Ryan & Deci, 2000a), and that this process promotes development. Intrinsically motivated behaviours (e.g., exploration) are undertaken in the absence of external contingencies or controls, so engagement with these behaviours does not require prompts by socializers. However, not all behaviours that are important for socialization are intrinsically motivating. Hence, initiation of socially prescribed but unenjoyable behaviors may require the use extrinsic motivators (Ryan, Deci, & Grolnick, 1995). 1)
…  The need for relatedness refers to the warmth and caring received from interactions with others, resulting in a general sense of belonging.

Question: How do we, participants, students, teachers of the MOOC and of schools foster that confidence that is necessary for curiosity and motivation?  Dan Pink tells us that carrot and stick does not work.

Observation: I am confident with some skills, and not confident with other skills. Which means I know and feel I am able to do these things.  Is self-confidence  the sum of all these confidences?  Or is self-confidence the feeling that I am worth  being here even if  I am not able to do anything at all?

A sense of belonging is necessary for motivation (SDT-theory). This is an argument for participants in a MOOC to connect and share. Connecting means belonging?

Science Daily about ‘Personality Gene’ Makes Songbirds Curious: Exploratory Behavior In Great Tits. And exploratory behavior is about the same as curiosity.

Using Instructional Design Strategies To Foster Curiosity. ERIC Digest.   with ten strategies for fostering curiosity.

1)Niemiec, C. P., Lynch, M. F., Vansteenkiste, M., Bernstein, J., Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2006). The antecedents and consequences of autonomous self-regulation for college: A self-determination theory perspective on socialization. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 761-775. PDF Full Text

2) Also A. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs    It is remarkable that curiosity or learning do not appear in the pyramid.