Ockham en de ziel. Ockham and Mind #introphil

Entia non sunt praeter necessitatem multiplicanda: “Men moet de zijnden  niet zonder noodzaak verveelvoudigen”. (Willem van Ockham) De ziel, de geest is een overbodige hypothese. Je kunt alles van een mens verklaren zonder daar de geest of de ziel als vooronderstelling in te moeten voeren.  (Alleen godsdienst en religie maken gebruik van deze vooronderstelling als ze een voortbestaan van de menselijke ziel veronderstellen) 

Occam’s razor (also written as Ockham’s razor, Latin lex parsimoniae) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness used in logic and problem-solving. It states that among competing hypotheses, the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be selected. The hypothesis of mind, or soul is not necessary to explain human affairs. (Only religious people use the hypothesis of a  soul if they believe life after death)

VanessaVaile commented:  “…  just because a mind is different, has a different way of knowing (whatever that is) the world, does not mean …”  We do agree on different ways of knowing, but we ourselves are doing this knowing. The concept of a mind is not necessary to explain human knowledge. Mind is a kind of metaphor of our experience of self. And metaphors are confusing.

So what would be the difference in “I know this” and “My mind knows this” or “In my mind it is This” ?

Why did philosophers in early times not get rid of the concept of Mind? I have a feeling the the history of  religious and political suppression of enlightened philosophers (Johnathan Israel books on Enlightenment) is a  part of an explanation.

picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_of_Ockham.jpg

National differences in Philosophy? #introphil


About differences in philosophy in UK USA and the Continent (Europe)

Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe. This sense of the term originated among English-speaking philosophers in the second half of the 20th century, who used it to refer to a range of thinkers and traditions outside the analytic movement. Continental philosophy includes the following movements: German idealism, phenomenology, existentialism (and its antecedents, such as the thought of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche), hermeneutics, structuralism, post-structuralism, French feminism, psychoanalytic theory, and the critical theory of the Frankfurt School and related branches of Western Marxism. [ Wikipedia.]

Stuart Mill, Bentham, Hobbes, Newton, Berkeley, Locke are UK philosophers, with little influence on the continent.  As fas as I know they are very well known to UK (and USA??) students of philosophy.

I think it remarkable to find some (in my Continental eyes outdated)  French philosophers becoming famous in USA. (Deleuze, Foucault, Derrida, etc.)

image: Deleuze, Sartre and Foucault.

Just changed my mind about #introphil

davewardJust started participating introduction in philosophy. Watching Dave Ward introduction video. Occupy xMOOC 😉
AND Dave send me an email: We expect our class to be offered in early 2013. We’ll notify you again when the class starts. Thank you Dave.

Dave Ward wrote
“Personal Identity, Agency and the Multiplicity Thesis” (forthcoming in Minds and Machines) (Penultimate Draft)
Some anthropologists and social scientists have suggested that various ways of creating and maintaining an online persona can bring about the existence of a new and distinct person. Are there any philosophical views of personal identity that can make sense of this possibility? I argue that an influential Kantian line of thought about persons can do so, but also suggests why candidate cases are rarer and less desirable than one might think.


Like the blogpost of Whitney Kilgore about connectivism and constructivism. Maybe her emphasis on connections is an answer to SuiFaJohnMak. “Study blogging in decline as social media takes over”. Blogging should be connecting and sharing. Do all bloggers share and comment? Or do bloggers stop blogging because nobody does ever comment on their blog?

Sheri Edwards did deliver a Storify publication about #etmooc. I my view storify is just a collection of links, without much of a story. I did a try on making a storify thing, but I did not save it, because did not think it good enough.

Tech Ed-dy But then I started looking at a few Tweets. I recognised quite a few of the names as people I had learned from in the past. That is what connections do.

I do read #introphil on Twitter, but until now it only shows preformatted texts about joining. Not much connections visible until now. Bonnie Stewart did join the #intorphil and she is surprised about it network-focused-ness.

picture: drawing for a landart project near Vasse (NL) of Paul de Kort, Mander Cirkels.