Books on nazism (to be cont.)

coverList of books about nazism.

https://www.gutenberg.org/files/22682/22682-h/22682-h.htm#VII

The Third Reich Sourcebook Anson Rabinbach (Author), Sander L. Gilman (Author), Lilian M. Friedberg (Translator) book.

Roots of Hitler’s Evil Richard Weikart Professor of History online essay.

a 1922 speech of Hitler https://archive.org/stream/TheSpeechesOfAdolfHitler19211941/hitler-speeches-collection_djvu.txt full text.

http://www.cbn.com/700club/features/churchhistory/godandhitler/ Was Hitler a christian?

Wy stay, why not go and live in a better place?

emigratie

My question is this. In the 19th century some of my mothers family went to America. They lived here in a poor and remote corner of our country. They escaped to a new country.

How come so many people do not leave the rust belt, the dying city? Why not escape from a poor and backward place?  USA has a history of immigration and going West…

Some more questions:

Do people know when they are going down the hill? You need to be aware of a threat before you even think of an escape.

Do poor circumstances and a bad  economic or political situation make people active or passive? Do some people believe in a nearb better future? Do they wait for someone to save them from poverty?

Do people know of or are aware of possibilities elsewhere?

What are costs of moving versus costs of staying? Money, emotional cost, etc.
(You will need to sell your house and nobody will buy, no money for transport and living)

Do people believe they have a change to improve, at home or elsewhere, their situation?

Look into literature about why did not the Jews escape from Germany? why do other people not escape their fate?

Are people afraid to change, afraid to live in other parts of the world, afraid to leave their family, friends, neighbors? Afraid of the unknown?

 

 

 

 

Moral relativism Steven Lukes

In Moral Relativism of Steven Lukes, he writes about the right description of the meaning of words as important. He gives examples ( p. 74 ) of acts which are different.  In A Daoist theory of Chinese thought Chad Hansen writes about the importance of the right ming (names) in moral conversation.

640px-frank-koen-intocht-sinterklaas-capelle-dsc_0349

image:  Door Wouter Engler – Eigen werk, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38610015

A blackface in USA is regarded as  morally wrong.  In the Netherlands the ‘Zwarte Piet’ with a black face by some people  is regarded as wrong. Discussion is about if both black faces are the same phenomenon and thus both wrong, or if they are very different
Is this morally sensitive en emotional discussion an example of moral relativism or moral universalism?
Or do the different opinions about this black face … point to the distinction between a shared moral principle and divergent factual believes. (Lukes p. 80)?
(we share a moral principle on racism but our views on facts about both phenomena are different)

If we want to change an habit on moral grounds, is naming and shaming the right and effective way to change that habit? Naming and shaming causes strong counter reactions, and very often no cooperation or change of habits at all. (Except maybe between parents and children, superiors and underlings )

Is the word (noun) culture a useful category? Inside a culture differences are as great as outside cultures, personal and family cultures differ from the group cultures and the national cultures they ‘belong’ to. The name ‘Muslim culture’ is clear and useful as long as we do not look into the culture. I know too much different Muslims, that makes it  really impossible to see a common Muslim culture in all these very different people.

Culture is a category with the Platonic disease, we do believe something as a culture exists because the name ‘culture’ exists.

 

Critique Kritiek

oudemannenkritiek

Het is helemaal niet eenvoudig om kritiek te geven op een werkstuk. Hieronder enkele vragen die je kunt gebruiken bij een goede kritiek.1

Some help with giving critique.

1. Wat valt je direct op?
What stands out the most when you first see it?

2. Leg uit hoe het komt dat je dat (van vraag 1) als eerste opmerkt?
Explain the reason you notice the thing you mention in number 1.

3. Als je verder kijkt, wat lijkt er nog meer belangrijk?
As you keep looking, what else seems important?

4. Waarom lijkt je dat (van de vorige vraag) belangrijk?
Why does the thing you mention in number 3 seem important?

5. Hoe is contrast toegepast?
How has contrast been used?

6. Wat zorgt er voor dat je blik het geheel  aftast?
What leads your eye around from place to place?

7. Welke stijlkenmerken neem je waar?
What tells you about the style used by this artist?

8. Wat lijkt er verborgen te zitten in deze compositie? Waarom?
What seems to be hiding in this composition and why?

9. Welke emoties en betekenissen zitten er volgens jou in het werk?
Imagine the feelings and meanings this artwork represents?

10. Welke ander titel zou je het werk kunnen geven?
What other titles could you give this artwork?

Meer op
http://nataliesdigitalstorytelling106.net/Blog/assignments/sound-effects-story-audio-assignment/

So you are connected, to what?

walking

If you are behind your computer screen or using your phone what are you connected with?

I think of those abstracted sedentary individuals who spend their lives in an office rattling their fingers on a keyboard ‘connected’, as they say, but to what?  To information mutating between one second and the next, floods of images, pictures and graphs. And after work it is the subway, the train, always speed, the gaze now glued to telephone screen…  (In a philosophy of walking Frédéric Gros (p. 185) )

In the evening they will look at the television screen. Those people are not connected to the earth or to roads and routes. They forget about being human.

Just walking, just talking to a person next to you, that is the real connectedness.
 

 

Garden 8; senza misura; free time

blauw oranje gif

The Compositions 1960 Compositions 1960  are a set of pieces written in 1960 by composer La Monte Young. These pieces are unique in the sense that Young heavily emphasizes performance art, through extra-musical actions such as releasing a butterfly into the room or pushing a piano against a wall.

This piece of music is free time music, without prescribed measures. Sensa misura.

The sound of Wind Chimes and some of  John Cage‘s  music are sensa misura too.

Fantasy on Japanse Woodprints is een sensa misura compositie van de wereldcomponist Alan Hovhaness uit 1965.

From senzamisura.blogspot:

“There are no solids. There are no things. There are only interfering and non-interfering patterns operative in pure principle, and principles are eternal.”
– Buckminster Fuller

Emptiness cannot only mean silence. The musical structures that composers use to build – canons, patterns, linguistic tropes, iterations, gestural articulations, and mappings – is that what we hear? What gives music a sense of meaning could be that dimension of which we cannot construct. As Lao Tzu famously said – “It is the emptiness of the cup that makes it useful”. So what is the emptiness of one’s music? Perhaps, what is left unsaid engenders its purpose? Using another metaphor, music can often be described as acoustic architecture. From this, we might contend that the sonic constructions that we build are tangible places, shapes, and forms. So then, in these “buildings”, what do you place inside? What function do you assign to the space that you provide? This question has been plaguing me the past year. We form, shape, and mold sounds onto a temporal axis – but it is often so meaningless in its experience and meaning(full)ness perhaps can only be found in contemplating its emptiness.

zie ook: Garden 8

Abstaining from twitter for a month now

I  did quit Twitter. Some weeks ago I send this image on twitter.

twittertweet2

and this one followed. I felt like Alexandra Franzen:  Yet, in the midst of my tweetery, I often felt a nagging feeling inside. A voice asking, “Alex, is this really how you want to be spending your life-minutes? Isn’t there something else that might be a more meaningful use of your time? Wouldn’t you rather be walking outside, talking to your mom, writing a novel, having sex, working out, mailing a letter, volunteering, you know, all of those things that you ‘never have enough time’ to do?”

twittertweet1

I did spend more time on twitter than I wanted to spend. Now I only read some twitter messages a day. And have more time to do all kind of nice things.

To avoid using twitter in those first days, I did lots of little repairs and most of the to-do-list. I finished my book and send it to the publishing house.  Abstaining from twitter did change my life. (I do not have a facebook account, so there I do not spend time)

 

Wind Chimes; Silence (Garden 8)

wind chimes
Read also: Garden Eight Lei Liang (2) and  About Garden Eight, Lei Liang (1).
This morning I woke up with the sound of wind chimes.
Wind chimes, I do not know a Dutch name for them.

Is the sound of wind chimes music? (no rhythm. no measures, no human player)
Or is it only sound?

In Chinese gardens you could listen to the wind chimes. I am told the chimes will chase off ghosts from houses and gardens.

In http://daily.stillweb.org/tds377/  I found this  stanza of a poem.

In my mind some silence could be part of the Chinese Garden. The garden as a means of  escape from the noise of daily life.

accept silence

Garden Eight Lei Liang (2)

bonsai_HPIM4122_1.jpg

[Read also part 1: https://connectiv.wordpress.com/2016/06/29/about-garden-eight-lei-liang-1/

I just listened to a selection from  “Listening for Blossoms” (soundcloud)

What would it mean to listen to a painting? What is the relationship between landscape, memory, gesture, vision, and sound—and how can technology help us begin to answer this question? Lei Liang has been exploring these intersections in his musical compositions: Brush-Stroke, In Praise of Shadows, and Listening for Blossoms all enmesh Liang’s visual and perceptual experience with his own sonic world. (source https://www.eamdc.com/psny/)

Garden is 園林 yuan2lin2 and eight is 八 ba1. The word for “eight” (八 bā sounds similar to the word which means “prosper” or “luck”

(image: pen jing or bonsai in Botanical Garden Washington DC)