Certainty and structure gives a sense of security and tranquility. Uncertainty is a disease, according to many therapists. There are many therapies for uncertainty.
Knight : Uncertainty is risk that is immeasurable, not possible to calculate. Risk is measurable.
Uncertainty and complexity may give creativity and motivation. (Anderson, Theresa, The many faces of uncertainty: getting at the anthropology of uncertainty). Creativity is a form of complex adaptive behavior.
“A dictator is trying to lead and command a complex adaptive system” that is a paradox and a contradiction. Because nobody is able to control a CAS, the CAS is ‘in control’.
Some revolutionists want to start all over, they break everything down, and then comes the disappointment. For starting over with a complex adaptive system gives unpredictable results. You and I know of revolutions that wanted to free the people which ended in severe oppression of the people.
In a complex network is always uncertainty. Living and learning in a network therefore requires tolerance for uncertainty. Learning always has a phase of uncertainty. How many times do you hear a student shout: “Oh, I will never learn this!” Learning in a complex network is more uncertain than learning in a F2F relation.
Some students have remarks on the role of the teacher in connectivist learning: “The theory of connectivism as it explains what knowledge is and what qualities of networks support learning makes sense to me. But I would like to see more room for teachers in these networks we’re positing. Teachers—even in schools dripping with technology resources—still matter” (LeaGrrl). Teachers are able to maintain a workable degree of certainty/uncertainty for pupils and students. Students need some uncertainty, but chaos is not a good environment to learn in. Teachers should guard the pupil from chaos.
In complex situations, situations with a great variety of possibilities it needs some one to be the guide, this guide could be a teacher.